[cairo] defining CLAMP extend mode

Owen Taylor otaylor at redhat.com
Mon Oct 23 15:57:34 PDT 2006

On Mon, 2006-10-23 at 15:50 -0700, Bill Spitzak wrote:
> I might have the terms wrong. By "EXTEND_PAD" I mean the filtering is 
> done such that when requesting a pixel to be filtered, the pixel 
> coordinates are clamped to the source rectangle.

That's what it is supposed to mean, yes.

> Another way of looking at it is imagining the image has the rows and 
> columns of pixels on the edge repeat to infinity, producing "stripes" at 
> right angles to the image edge, and the corners are filled to infinity 
> with the value of the corner pixel. This new source image is used for 
> the filtering.
> This is entirely independent of figuring out the antialised coverage of 
> the resulting output pixel. This needs to be done by multiplying the 
> filtered image pixel by a correctly antialiased rectangle. Don't be 
> tempted to think that the clamping and the antialiasing use the same 
> code, they don't, because of math inaccuracy, there very well may be 
> pixels that are 100% opaque but have clamped samples, and pixels that 
> have no clamped samples but are partially transparent.

I think there is general consensus about the desired effect - just 
disagreement about the right API for getting there

 Vladimir: This is a new sampling mode. (A sampling mode that is 
   quite different in implementation than any of the existing modes
   .. it doesn't just affect the final point sample from the source
   image but extends up the pipeline...)

 Me: We should simply provide EXTEND_PAD, and then leave it up to the
   application to draw the correct output shape

						- Owen

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